TL;DR

Here we are with TASK #1 from The Weekly Challenge #154. Enjoy!

# The challenge

You are given possible permutations of the string 'PERL'.

PELR, PREL, PERL, PRLE, PLER, PLRE, EPRL, EPLR, ERPL,
ERLP, ELPR, ELRP, RPEL, RPLE, REPL, RELP, RLPE, RLEP,
LPER, LPRE, LEPR, LRPE, LREP


Write a script to find any permutations missing from the list.

# The questions

One thing thatâ€™s not entirely clear is whether one permutation should be found or more. The title seems to imply the former, while the wording seems to point to the latter.

In a generalization of the challenge, it would be interesting to know how to deal with repeated letters. But weâ€™re not in that generazation, right?

# The solution

Our approach will be some plain brute force: iterate through all possible permutations and print out only the ones that are not present in the inputs.

Raku goes first and it provides us with a fantastic built-in permutations. which does the heavy lifting. It does the permutations magic acting over an input list-y thing, so we comb one of the present combinations (it does not matter which, they all contain the same letters). Assembling each permutation back to a string is a fantastic option to brag about hyperoperators:

#!/usr/bin/env raku
use v6;
sub MAIN (*@args) { .put for missing-permutations(@args) }

sub missing-permutations (@present) {
my %present = @present.map({$_ => 1}); permutations( # consider all permutations @present[0].comb(/./) # over letters of the first item )Â».join('') # merge each back to a string .grep({!%present{$_}++});   # and keep only the unseen
}


The astute reader might object to the use of an additional hash to test the presence of a combination, and they would be right in suggesting that the final grep might just be:

...
.grep({!($_ âˆˆ @present)}); # and keep only the unseen ...  Only I liked to code a generalizable solution, and this takes care of filtering out duplicates in case of input words with duplicate lettersâ€¦ The Perl alternative goes on the same wavelength, except that now we have to code our own permutations (stolen from Permutations with Heapâ€™s Algorithm) and the hyperoperator is substitued with a map: #!/usr/bin/env perl use v5.24; use warnings; use experimental 'signatures'; no warnings 'experimental::signatures'; say for missing_permutations(@ARGV); sub missing_permutations (@present) { my %present = map {$_ => 1 } @present;
return grep {!$present{$_}++}
map { join '', $_->@* } permutations(split m{}mxs,$present[0]);
}

sub permutations (@present) {
my @indexes = 0 .. $#present; my @stack = (0) x @indexes; my @retval = [@present[@indexes]]; my$sp = 0;
while ($sp < @indexes) { if ($stack[$sp] <$sp) {
my $other =$sp % 2 ? $stack[$sp] : 0;
@indexes[$sp,$other] = @indexes[$other,$sp];
push @retval, [@present[@indexes]];
$stack[$sp]++;
$sp = 0; } else {$stack[\$sp++] = 0;
}
}
return @retval;
}


I guess itâ€™s everything for this post, stay safe!

Comments? Octodon, , GitHub, Reddit, or drop me a line!